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 ...for Children with Specific Learning Difficulties

Special Attention Project (SAP) is a Ghanaian Non-Governmental Organization that improves the lives of children with Specific Learning Difficulties by spreading information to the public, advocating for learning support for pupils with learning difficulties in mainstream schools, doing research and training on Specific Learning Difficulties as well as providing practical support to out-of-school children with learning difficulties in the streets of Accra.

Irlen Syndrome


It affects the way the brain makes sense of printed information, and is not due to eyesight. It means that people see the printed page differently, but may not realize that they do.

Typical signs:

  •  The child is sensitive to light, especially glares, reflections, bright lights;
  • The child has problems with strong contrast: bold black text on white paper ‘hurts’ the eyes or seems to move, strong contrast between light and dark is disturbing and stripy or bold patterns can appear to move;
  • Restricted field of vision:  only a small part of the page is clear, the rest is blurred;
  •  Poor depth perception: difficulty seeing distance or catching objects;
  • Attention and concentration: the child’s eyes feel uncomfortable and it cannot read or study for long;
  •  Headaches may occur as a result of strain on the eyes.

For this syndrome, coloured overlays can be used to reduce the contrast of a printed text. The page is covered with the right colour for the child, which can lead to great improvements. A second option is to wear coloured glasses.